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Soil Temperatures and Phenology Chart

Soil temperatures are extremely important for seed germination. For example spinach seeds at 40 degrees take 23 days to germinate and only 12 days at 50 degrees. Green beans at 59 degrees take 16 days to germinate and only 8 days at 77 degrees. I have had green bean seeds rot in the ground because I tried to plant them when the soil was too cool. Tomato seeds take 43 days at 50 degrees and 8 days at 68 degrees. We could use a thermometer to measure the soil temperature but there's another way to know when to plant. Or another way to help decide when to plant is phenology, the relationship that climate has between plants and animals. I made...

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Hardiness Zones and Growing Days

Different areas have different temperatures which would make it hard to know when to plant and harvest. Thankfully we have the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map. The map is based on the annual average minimum temperature divided into 10-degree Fahrenheit zones. To be even more precise it's divided even more into 5 degree Fahrenheit zones. My hardiness zone is 5a which means the average minimum temperature is -20 to -15. Hardiness zones are important when deciding which varieties of plants like grape vines or rose bushes should be planted. In my zone 5a if I planted the wrong type of grape vine it could easily freeze and die. If I planted any kind of citrus tree it would surely die.  More useful...

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What to Consider When Planning a Garden

It's fun to think about the beautiful garden of your dreams but there is also the reality that you will be limited by some things such as time, location and weather. Try to be realistic about how much time you can spend planting, maintaining, weeding and harvesting. If you're limited by time one of the best things to do is limit the size of your garden. Buy transplants instead of starting from seed. To cut down on weeding mulch bare ground. An idea of how much money you want to spend on your garden this upcoming year would be helpful. You're going to have one-time expenses to get going but use your imagination. Pots can be paper cups, plastic food containers,...

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Devine Gardens August Winners announced

We have 2 winners for the August drawing!! Our dogs, Cookie and Charlie, both picked entries at the same exact time so how could I pick one over the other? (see website for picture) The winners are Z.C. down towards Ithaca and C.C. in Chittenango.

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